Election methods can be classified as either ordinal or cardinal. In ordinal systems, each voter *ranks* the candidates (first, second, third, etc.). In cardinal systems, on the other hand, each voter *rates* each candidate on a numerical scale (integers from zero to ten, for example). Conventional Plurality voting can be considered an incomplete or debilitated form of either. [Note that Instant Runoff Voting (IRV) is also known as the "Alternative Vote" and "Preferential Voting."] Follow the links below to learn more about each method.

Cardinal Election Methods