See the commentary on 1.1.I - M. Myriel.
In France, the terms of the Concordat have been in effect for over a century. It is only in 1905, during the French Third Republic, that the Concordat was repealed and France declared a secular republic. The power to appoint Bishops was now back into Rome's hands.
Because of a strange twist of history, we are not quite yet at the end of or brief overview of the relationship between Church and State in France. At the time that the 1905 law took effect, three Départements (administrative divisions) in Eastern France were not then part of France. The two départements in Alsace and the Moselle département were conceded to Germany after France lost its short war against Prussia, in 1870. These three départements were re-integrated into the French territory after Germany's loss of the First Word War (1914-1918). For some strange reasons, the 1905 secular laws were not applied to them and the terms of the 1801 Concordat still apply, event today in the 21st century, in these eastern départements. The French State simply appoints Bishops according to Rome direct recommendations, and the clergy there are still civil servants paid by the Republic!
See also: quote in chapter 1.1.VI (priests named by the King).
For an historical context, see:
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